While I was researching for HAZARDOUS UNIONS I came across the secret society of the Knights of the Golden Circle. The objective of the KGC was to annex a golden circle of territories from Mexico, Central America, Southern America, Cuba and the rest of the Caribbean for inclusion into the United States as slave states.
However, as anti-slavery agitation increased the members of the KGC proposed a separate confederation of slave states, with US states south of the Mason-Dixon line to secede and to align with other slave states to be formed from the golden circle.
Their goal was to increase the power of the Southern slave holding upper class to such a degree that it would never be diminished.
During the Civil War many members of the KGC fought with the confederates in order to continue the right to own slaves. Their mission was to take New Mexico and bring them into the fold of confederates.
The society reached to the northern states as well. Some southern sympathizers from Ohio, Illinois, Indiana and Iowa were accused of KGC activity and imprisoned during the civil war.
In 1863 the KGC reorganized as The Order of American Knights, and in 1864 as Order of the Sons of Liberty.
Alleged members of the Knights of the Golden Circle:
Most of the Confederates
Buckner Stith Morris
Lambdin P. Milligan
John Wilkes Booth
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